The Golden Retriever Breed Standard for Australia, which is modelled on the English Kennel Club, is explained at the GRCV website, and is the detailed guide for breeders and judges.
In the show ring, the judge must interpret the list of characteristics and assess the dog's compliance with the breed standard. It is important to remember that when you show your dog, you are receiving the opinion of that particular judge
The Victorian Canine Association has a very full program of training judges. Training judges learn their craft at Club Shows and special shows run by the VCA. Experienced judges can be qualified to judge all breeds and are often in demand nationally and internationally.